Symptoms: Near-constant sadness, sleep or appetite changes, and hopelessness
Treatments: Antidepressants, especially a class called SSRIs, can ease symptoms. Just as effective, per new research: cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), a form of talk therapy that challenges negative thinking.
Symptoms: Racing thoughts, excessive worry, and restlessness
Treatments: CBT helps patients replace harmful thoughts ("I must be perfect") with more realistic ones ("Mistakes aren't the end of the world"). SSRIs can also help alleviate symptoms, often within 12 weeks.
Symptoms: Repeated, out-of-the-blue episodes of fear, accompanied by a rapid pulse or sweaty palms
Treatments: Therapists can teach patients calming belly breathing; M.D.s may prescribe fast-acting meds that boost brain-calming neurotransmitters.
POST-TRAUMATIC STRESS DISORDER
Symptoms: Flashbacks, nightmares, and anxiety
Treatments: Exposure therapy, in which a therapist walks patientsthrough traumatic memories; one type adds eye movements that weaken emotional recollections.
BORDERLINE PERSONALITY DISORDER
Symptoms: Extreme emotional reactions (especially to feelings of abandonment); self-destructive behaviors like unsafe sex
Treatments: A form of CBT that teaches alternatives to dangerous reactions, such as hitting a pillow with a Nerf bat.
This article was originally published in the May 2016 issue of Women's Health, on newsstands now. Go to our Mental Health Awareness center for more content like this and to find out how you can help break the stigma surrounding mental illness.
ARTICLE SORCE : http://www.womenshealthmag.com/health/mental-illness-symptoms
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